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In Maya mythologyCamazotz (/kämäˈsots/) (alternate spellings Cama-Zotz, Sotz, Zotz) was a bat god
Camazotz

Artist's concept.

. Camazotz means "death bat" in the K'iche' language. In Mesoamerica the bat was associated with night, death, and sacrifice.[1]

Camazotz is formed from the K'iche' words kame, meaning "death", and sotz', meaning "bat".[2]

In the Popol Vuh, Camazotz are the bat-like monsters encountered by the Maya Hero Twins Hunahpu and Xbalanque during their trials in the underworld of Xibalba. The twins had to spend the night in the House of Bats where they squeeze themselves into their own blowguns in order to defend themselves from the circling bats. Hunahpu stuck his head out of his blowgun to see if the sun had risen and Camazotz immediately snatched off his head and carried it to the ballcourt to be hung up as the ball to be used by the gods in their next ballgame.[3]

One of the most horrible deities of the underworld comes from the violent and frightening cosmology of the Maya civilization of Central America. The Mayan god of darkness, violence and sacrifice was Camazotz a flying bat god who inhabited Xibalba, the Mayan hell. Originally an anthropomorphic bat monster worshipped by the Zapotec Indians of Oaxaca, Camazotz was adopted into the Mayan pantheon as a vampire killer who reveled in slaughter. The deity appears throughout classical Mayan art and sculpture. Camazotz also features in the post-classical compendium of Mayan myths, the Popul Vuh, where he is master of a house of were-bats like himself.  There he (or one of his minions) claws off the heads of one of the story’s twin heroes during their attempt to defeat the lords of Xibalba in a marathon ball tournament.

Giant Bat of Central and South America.

Etymology: Zapoteco (Oto-Manguean), 
“death bat ” or “snatch bat .”

Variant names: Chonchon (in Peru and 
Chile), H’ik’al (Tzotzil, “black-man”), Soucouyant 
(in Trinidad), Tint in (in Ecuador), Zotzilaha 
chamalcan (Mayan).

Physical description: Bat like head. Large knife or 
leaflike protuberance on the nose. Sometimes 
depicted solely as a flying head.

Behavior: Nocturnal. Call an “eek eek” or 
“tui-tui-tui.” In Mayan lore, kills dying men on 
their way to the center of the earth.

Distribution: Southern Mexico to northern 
Argentina.

Possible explanations: 
(1) Much Latin American bat -demon 
mythology can be traced to the Common 
vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), which 
feeds entirely on the blood of vertebrates— 
especially cattle and horses but sometimes 
on humans. It silently approaches an 
animal, lands on it , makes a tiny cut in the 
skin, and laps up the blood flow. It runs 
and hops on all fours as well as flies. 
(2) The False vampire bat (Vampyrum 
spectrum) has an elongated face and a small 
noseleaf, unlike Desmodus. It is also much 
larger, with a wingspan of 3 feet . 
(3) Spear-nosed bats (Subfamily 
Phyllost ominae) have large noseleaves and 
are common throughout Central and South 
America. 
(4) Surviving Giant Vampire Bat 
(Desmodus draculae), a Pleistocene bat 
known from fossils in southeastern Brazil.

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